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Teeth gaps: A complete guide

Are you curious about those gaps between your teeth? Whether you embrace your gaps as unique features or are seeking ways to close them, we’ve got you covered with all the information you need below!

What causes gap between teeth?

Before delving into potential causes of gaps, it’s important to note that the presence of spaces between teeth is quite common and normal. In fact, even individuals with perfect oral hygiene and alignment can have small gaps. However, certain factors can contribute to more pronounced spaces. Here are a few possible causes:

  1. Genetics: Your genetic makeup plays a significant role in determining the size and spacing of your teeth. Some individuals inherit a larger jaw or teeth that are naturally smaller, which can result in gaps.
  2. Mismatched Jaw and Teeth Size: When your jaw size and teeth size are not in perfect harmony, it can lead to overcrowding or gaps. If your teeth are smaller than the available space in your jaw, gaps can form.
  3. Habits and Thumb Sucking: Prolonged thumb sucking or other oral habits during childhood can exert pressure on the teeth, causing them to shift and create spaces.
  4. Gum Disease: Periodontal (gum) disease can lead to gum recession, where the gum tissue pulls away from the teeth. This can create gaps and expose the roots, leading to further complications.
  5. Missing Teeth: When a tooth is lost due to trauma, decay, or extraction, adjacent teeth may gradually shift to fill the gap, resulting in spaces between teeth.
  6. Malocclusion: A misalignment of the jaw or teeth, such as an overbite, underbite, or open bite, can contribute to gaps between teeth.

What are some ways to close gaps between teeth?

While it’s important to understand that not all gaps require treatment, some individuals may choose to reduce or close the spaces for cosmetic or functional reasons. Here are a few options that dental professionals may recommend:

  1. Orthodontic Treatment: In cases where gaps are more pronounced, orthodontic treatment can be highly effective. Traditional braces or clear aligners, such as Invisalign, can gradually shift the teeth into the desired positions, reducing or eliminating the gaps.
  2. Dental Bonding: Dental bonding involves applying tooth-coloured resin material to the teeth to close the gaps. This procedure is minimally invasive and provides immediate results. However, bonding may need periodic maintenance or replacement over time.
  3. Veneers: Veneers are thin shells made of porcelain or composite resin that are custom-made to cover the front surface of teeth. They can be an excellent option to not only close gaps but also enhance the overall appearance of teeth.
  4. Dental Implants or Bridges: If the gap is a result of a missing tooth, dental implants or bridges may be recommended. Implants involve surgically placing an artificial tooth root, which supports a crown, while bridges use adjacent teeth to support a replacement tooth.
  5. Cosmetic Contouring: In some cases, slight reshaping of the teeth can help reduce the appearance of gaps. This technique involves removing a small amount of enamel to create a more harmonious smile.

How to prevent teeth gaps?

While some causes of tooth gaps, such as genetics, cannot be prevented, there are certain steps you can take to minimise the risk of developing larger gaps:

  1. Oral hygiene: Maintaining a consistent oral hygiene routine is crucial. Brushing your teeth twice a day, flossing daily, and using an antimicrobial mouthwash can help prevent gum disease and keep your gums healthy, reducing the chances of gum recession and subsequent gaps.
    How to brush teeth with braces WeSmile Dental
  2. Regular dental check-ups: Routine visits to your dentist are essential for early detection and management of any dental issues. Your dentist can identify signs of gum disease, tooth decay, or malocclusion, and take appropriate measures to prevent further complications.
  3. Avoiding bad oral habits: Discourage thumb sucking or pacifier use beyond an appropriate age to prevent unnecessary pressure on the teeth.
  4. Orthodontic evaluation: An orthodontic evaluation during childhood or adolescence can help identify any potential orthodontic issues early on. Timely intervention can prevent gaps from becoming more pronounced in the future.
  5. Protective measures: If you participate in activities that could potentially lead to tooth loss, such as contact sports, wearing a mouthguard can provide essential protection and minimise the risk of teeth shifting due to trauma.

Remember, prevention is key when it comes to maintaining optimal oral health and preventing the progression of dental issues that could result in gaps between teeth.

Do gaps between teeth get bigger with age?

One common concern voiced by individuals with gaps between their teeth is whether these spaces will widen over time. The good news is that, in most cases, gaps do not naturally get bigger with age. However, several factors can potentially contribute to changes in tooth spacing as we grow older:

  1. Gum recession: As we age, there is a natural tendency for the gums to recede. Gum recession can expose more of the tooth’s surface, creating the illusion of increased gaps.
  2. Tooth loss: Tooth loss due to age-related factors or dental issues can lead to adjacent teeth shifting, potentially creating wider gaps between the remaining teeth.
  3. Periodontal disease: If gum disease develops or progresses with age, it can result in gum recession, bone loss, and potentially larger gaps between teeth.
  4. Wear and tear: Over time, teeth may experience natural wear and tear, leading to slight changes in their size and shape. While this is a normal process, it can contribute to alterations in tooth spacing.

It’s important to note that regular dental check-ups and maintaining good oral hygiene practices can help prevent or manage these age-related changes effectively.

Does flossing create gaps in teeth?

There is a common misconception that flossing can create gaps between teeth. However, this is not true. In fact, flossing is an integral part of maintaining good oral hygiene and preventing gum disease, which can contribute to gaps. When done correctly, flossing helps remove plaque and food particles from areas that your toothbrush may not reach, promoting healthy gums and reducing the risk of gum recession. Therefore, it’s essential to incorporate flossing into your daily oral hygiene routine, alongside brushing and rinsing with mouthwash.

Make informed decision about teeth gaps with quality dental care!

Teeth Straightening Consultation at WeSmile DentalUnderstanding the causes, management, and prevention of gaps between teeth can alleviate concerns and empower individuals to make informed decisions about their oral health. Remember, while gaps between teeth are often harmless, seeking advice from a dental professional is essential to assess your specific situation and discuss suitable treatment options if desired.

Need more guidance and advice on what to do next for your teeth gaps? Book an appointment with one of our experienced dentists using the form below!


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